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Geology of the World

An Overview of the best Regional Geology Resources - Region by Region
TEXTBOOKS, PAPERS, EXCURSIONS, VIDEOS, WEBSITES

AFRICA


-for other continents click here-

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Algeria
Angola
Ascension Island
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Comoros
Congo (Brazzaville)
Congo, Democratic Republic

Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia , The
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia

Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Reunion
Rwanda
Saint Helena Island

Sao Tome and Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Western Sahara
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Please email any suggestions, corrections, and additions to Sebastian.Luning@gmx.net


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Regional Geology Resources Africa:
An African country-by-country description is included in Kulkes' "Regional Petroleum Geology of the World" (1995)

Algeria

Books & Papers
Download a pdf about the Geology of Algeria (by Sonatrach)
Geology of Northwest Africa (by Alain Pique, 2001)

Websites
Algeria page of the North Africa Research Group

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
Sonatrach leads field excursion to the Ougarta Chain (W-Algeria) and the Tassili.

 

Angola

Books & Papers
The Precambrian of SW Angola and NW Namibia (1993)
Raft tectonics in the Kwanza Basin, Angola: An animation

Websites
Phosphates of Angola (pdf)

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 

Ascension Island

Books & Papers
St Helena and Ascension Island: a Natural History (2000, A. Nelson)

Websites
The geology of Ascension Island

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

Benin

Books & Papers
-none so far-

Websites
Geology and geomorphology of southern Benin

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

Botswana

Books & Papers
Publications of the Geological Survey of Botswana

Websites
Geology of Botswana

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

Burkina Faso

Books & Papers
Geology of Burkina Faso (by Sattran & Wenmenga 2002)

Websites
Geology of Burkina Faso (in french)

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

Burundi

Books & Papers
Ore geology NW Burundi

Websites
-none so far-

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

Cameroon

Books & Papers
Niger Delta Petroleum System (1999)

Websites
Petroleum Geology North Cameroon Logone Birni Basin

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

Cape Verde

Books & Papers
Geology of the Middle Atlantic Islands (1976)

Websites
Geology of the Cape Verde Islands

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

Central Africa Republic

Books & Papers
-none so far-

Websites
Geology of Central Africa (Britannica Online)
Geological Outline

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

Chad

Books & Papers
-none so far-

Websites
Chad Basin
Geological Outline

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

Comoros

Books & Papers
-none so far-

Websites
Geology of the Comoros

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

Congo (Brazzaville)

Books & Papers
-none so far-

Websites
Geological Outline

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

Congo (Democratic Republic)

Books & Papers
-none so far-

Websites
Geological Outline
Geological Maps
Volcanoes

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

Cote d'Ivoir (Ivory Coast)

Books & Papers
-none so far-

Websites
Geological Outline
Mining

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-


Djibouti

Books & Papers
Geology of central and southern Afar (Ethiopia and Djibouti Republic)

Websites
-none so far-

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 

Egypt

Books & Papers
A Traveler's Guide to the Geology of Egypt (by Bonnie Sampsell; gives an easy to read overview, 2003)
Geology of Egypt and Libya (by Ed Tawadros, 2000; comprehensive overview, good for petroleum geology)
Geology of Egypt (by Rushdi Said, 1990; a classical one)

Websites
Egypt page of the North Africa Research Group
Cretaceous-Palaeogene of NE Africa and Arabia (Univ. Bremen)
Geology of Egypt (from AAPG Int. Conf. Cairo)

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
Geological excursion to the Sinai Peninsula, further booking information from Dr Sebastian Lüning (Sebastian.Luning@gmx.net)


Equatorial Guinea

Books & Papers
-none so far-

Websites
Ministry of Mines, Industry and Minerals

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 


Eritrea

Books & Papers
Talbot, C.J., Ghebreab, W., Red Sea detachment and basement core complexes in Eritrea, Geology, 25, 655-658, 1997.

Websites
-none so far-

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 


Ethiopia

Books & Papers
Geology of Ethiopia
Geology of central and southern Afar (Ethiopia and Djibouti Republic)

Websites
Geologische Forschungen in Äthiopien (TU Berlin)

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
Volcanoes of Ethiopia by VEI

 


Gabon

Books & Papers
Jensen, Keld A. and Ewing, Rodney C. The Okelobondo Natural Fission Reactor, Southeast Gabon: Geology, Mineralogy, and Retardation of Nuclear-Reaction Products. Geological Society of America Bulletin 113:32-62 January 2001.

Websites
-none so far-

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 


Gambia, The

Books & Papers
Geology and mineral resources of The Gambia

Websites
-none so far-

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 


Ghana

Books & Papers
A bibliography of the geology of Ghana and related topics
Hydrogeology Ghana

Websites
-none so far-

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 


Guinea

Books & Papers
Gulf of Guinea Geology

Websites
-none so far-

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 


Guinea-Bissau

Books & Papers
-none so far-

Websites
-none so far-

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 


Kenya

Books & Papers
-none so far-

Websites
Kenya Geology Photographs
Lava Tube Caves

Kilimanjaro Geology

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 


Lesotho

Books & Papers
Lesotho geology, geomorphology, soils

Websites
Mining References

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 


Liberia

Books & Papers
-none so far-

Websites
Geology of the Bopolu Quadrangle, Liberia
Liberia Geological Data
Regional Geology and Stratigraphy of the Deepwater Basin Offshore Sierra Leone and Liberia


Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-


Libya

Books & Papers
Petroleum Geology of Libya, by Don Hallett, 2002
Geology of Egypt and Libya, by Ed Tawadros, 2000
Geology of Northwest Libya, 2003

Websites
Libya page of the North Africa Research Group

Geology Films
Hunting Hot Shales in Wadi Tanezzuft: Characteristics and Origin of the Silurian Source Rock in the Libyan Sahara, by Sebastian Lüning & Markus Geiger (2005)
Petroleum Geology of southern Libya, Murzuq and Kufra basins (2007)


Excursions

 

Madagascar

Books & Papers
The hydrocarbon potential and exploration opportunities of the democratic republic of Madagascar (1984)

General
Besairie, H., and Collignon, M., 1972, Géologie de Madagascar; I. Les terrains sédimentaires: Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, v. 35, p. 1-463.
Piqué, A., 1999, The geological evolution of Madagascar: an intoduction: Journal of African Earth Sciences, v. 28, p. 919-930.


Sediments
Boast, J., and Nairn, A.E.M., 1982, An outline of the geology of Madagascar, in Nairn, A.E.M., and Stehli, F.G., eds., The Indian Ocean, Volume 6: The Ocean Basins and Margins: New York, Plenum Press, p. 649-696.
Coffin, M.F., and Rabinowitz, P.D., 1987, Reconstruction of Madagascar and Africa; evidence from the Davie fracture zone and western Somali Basin: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 92, p. 9385-9406.
Geiger, M., Clark, D.N., and Mette, W., 2004, Reappraisal of the timing of the break-up of Gondwana based on sedimentological and seismic evidence from the Morondava Basin, SW Madagascar: Journal of African Earth Sciences, v. 38, p. 363-381.
Hankel, O., 1994, Early Permian to Middle Jurassic rifting and sedimentation in East Africa and Madagascar: Geologische Rundschau, v. 83, p. 703-710.
Luger, P., Gröschke, M., Bussmann, M., Dina, A., Mette, W., Uhmann, A., and Kallenbach, H., 1994, Comparison of the Jurassic and Cretaceous sedimentary cycles of Somalia and Madagascar: implications for the Gondwana breakup: Geologische Rundschau, v. 83, p. 711-727.
Montenat, C., Ramahavory, L., and Croisile, M., 1996, Tectonic and sedimentary evolution of the Western Madagascan Margin during the Jurassic in the Morondava Basin, Madagascar: Bulletin des Centres de Recherches Exploration-Production Elf-Aquitaine, v. 20, p. 323-340.
Piqué, A., Laville, E., Bignot, G., Rabarimanana, M., and Thouin, C., 1999, The initiation and development of the Morondava Basin (Madagascar) from the Late Carboniferous to the Middle Jurassic: sedimentary, palaeontological and structural data: Journal of African Earth Sciences, v. 28, p. 931-948.
Rakotosolofo, N.A., Torsvik, T.H., Ashwal, L.D., Eide, E.A., and deWit, M.J., 1999, The Karoo Supergroup revisited and Madagascar-Africa fits: Journal of African Earth Sciences, v. 29, p. 135-151.
Razafindrazaka, Y., Randriamananjara, T., Piqué, A., Thouin, C., Laville, E., Malod, J., and Réhault, J.-P., 1999, Late Palaeozoic and Mesozoic extension and sedimentation in the Majunga Basin (northwestern Madagascar): Journal of African Earth Sciences, v. 28, p. 949-959.
Wescott, W.A., and Diggens, J.N., 1997, Depositional history and stratigraphical evolution of the Sakoa Group (Lower Karoo Supergroup) in the southern Morondava Basin, Madagascar: Journal of African Earth Sciences, v. 24, p. 585-601.
Wescott, W.A., and Diggens, J.N., 1998, Depositional history and stratigraphical evolution of the Sakamena Group (Middle Karoo Supergroup)
in the southern Morondava Basin, Madagascar: Journal of African Earth Sciences, v. 27, p. 461-479.

Basement
de Wit, M.J., 2003, Madagascar; heads it's a continent, tails it's an island: Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, v. 31, p. 213-248.
Windley, B.F., Razafiniparany, A., Razakamanana, T., and Ackermand, D., 1994, Tectonic framework of the Precambrian of Madagascar and its Gondwana
connections; a review and reappraisal, in Schandelmeier, H., Stern, R.J., and Kroener, A., eds., Geology of Northeast Africa., Volume 83: Geologische
Rundschau: Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany, Springer International, p. 642-659.
de Wit, M.J., Bowring, S.A., Ashwal, L.D., Randrianasolo, L.G., Morel, V.P.I., and Rambeloson, R.A., 2001, Age and tectonic evolution of Neoproterozoic ductile shear zones in southwestern Madagascar, with implications for Gondwana studies: Tectonics, v. 20, p. 1-45.


Websites
Geologie von Madagaskar (TU Berlin)

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 


Malawi

Books & Papers
-none so far-

Websites
Geology and Mineral Resources of Malawi
Geology of the Malawi Rift

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 


Mali

Books & Papers
-none so far-

Websites
Geology of Mali (gold exploration)

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 

Mauritania

Books & Papers
Geologie de la Mauritanie (1991)
Geologie en Mauritanie (by D. Carite, 2000)

Lower Palaeozoic of North Western and West Central Africa (by Holland 1985)

Websites
Geology and Mineral Potential of Mauritania

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 


Mauritius

Books & Papers
-none so far-

Websites
Geology of Mauritius

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 

Morocco

Books & Papers
Geology of Northwest Africa (by Alain Pique, 2001)
Lower Palaeozoic of North Western and West Central Africa (by Holland 1985)

Websites
Morocco page of the North Africa Research Group
Overview of Morocco's geology (click on left bar)

Geology Films
Natural Wonders of Morocco; gives a good overview of the geological highlights of Morocco, available on DVD (58 min) in englisch and german by Seven Continents Science Productions

Excursions
Slide Show of the Geological Morocco Excursion 2000 of Stockholm University


Mozambique

Books & Papers
-none so far-

Websites
Geology and Mineral Resources of Mozambique
PanAfrican Mozambique Belt

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 

Namibia

Books & Papers
Roadside Geology of Namibia (2004)
The Precambrian of SW Angola and NW Namibia (1993)

Websites
Geology of Namibia (in German)

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
Geological excursion offered by erdreisen.de

 

Niger

Books & Papers
Geological maps

Websites
Mineral exploration consultant

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 


Nigeria

Books & Papers
Geological maps
Kogbe, C. A. (1989): Geology of Nigeria (2nd Revised Edition). Nigeria: Rock View Ltd

Websites
Geology of Nigeria (abn.ne)
Geology of Nigeria (nigeriaonline.com)
Petroleum Geology of Nigeria

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 

Reunion

Books & Papers
Fretzdorff, S., Stoffers, P., Devey, C.W. and Munschy, M. 1998. Structure of submarine volcanism in the hotspot region around Réunion Island (western Indian Ocean). Mar. Geol. 148: 39-53.


Websites
Volcanology of Réunion island
Réunion hotspot

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 

Rwanda

Books & Papers
Geological maps

Websites
Mining geology resources

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 

Saint Helena Island

Books & Papers
St Helena and Ascension Island: a Natural History (2000, A. Nelson)

Websites
-none so far-

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 

Sao Tome & Principe

Books & Papers
-none so far-

Websites
Volcanology of Sao Tome & Principe

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 

Senegal

Books & Papers
-none so far-

Websites
Geology and Geomorphology Senegal
Petroleum Geology of Senegal


Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-


Seychelles

Books & Papers
-none so far-

Websites
Geology of the Seychelles
Fission track study

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 

Sierra Leone

Books & Papers
-none so far-

Websites
Regional Geology and Stratigraphy of the Deepwater Basin Offshore Sierra Leone and Liberia
Mineral Exploration reports

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 

Somalia

Books & Papers
Southern Arabia and Northern Somalia: Comparative Geology
Literature overview

Websites
Geologische Forschung in Somalia (TU Berlin)
Historical geology of Somalialand


Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 

South Africa

Books & Papers
-none so far-

Websites
Geology of South Africa (southafrica-travel.net)
Geology of South Africa (geotoursafrica.com)
Geology of South Africa (showvcaves.com)
South Africa West Coast, St. Helena Bay Geology
Geological map

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
Johannesburg geology

 

Sudan

Books & Papers
The Geology of the Sudan Republic (1971, by A. J. Whiteman)
Lexicon of Geological Terms for the Sudan (1988, Vail)

Websites
Geologische Forschung im Sudan (TU Berlin)

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 

Swaziland

Books & Papers
-none so far-

Websites
Geology Malolotja Nature reserve
Greenstone Belt, Barberton Mountain Land

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 

Tanzania

Books & Papers
-none so far-

Websites
Kimberlites of Tanzania (de Beer)
Kilimanjaro
Geologische Forschung in Tansania (TU Berlin)


Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
Tanzania Volcano Excursions

 

Togo

Books & Papers
-none so far-

Websites
Mineral Exploration Resources

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 

Tunisia

Books & Papers
Bishop, W. F. (1975): Geology of Tunisia and adjacent parts of Algeria and Libya. AAPG Bull. 59 (3): 413-450.
Bishop, W. F. (1988): Petroleum Geology of East-Central Tunisia. AAPG Bull. 72 (9): 1033-1054.


Websites
Tunisia page of the North Africa Research Group

Geology Films
-non so far-

Excursions
Geological Field Seminar to the Chotts by Reservoir Associates International

 

Uganda

Books & Papers
Bibliography of the geology of Uganda, 1920-1994 (Occasional publication)

Websites
Basement of Uganda

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 

Western Sahara

Books & Papers
-none so far-

Websites
Geology of the Western Sahara

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 

Zambia

Books & Papers
-none so far-

Websites
Mineral Exploration Zambia

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 

Zimbabwe

Books & Papers
-none so far-

Websites
Geology of the Eastern Highlands

Geology Films
-none so far-

Excursions
-none so far-

 

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Please email any suggestions, corrections, and additions to Sebastian.Luning@gmx.net